Here is a question to the blog clinic from Susan (not her real name) who is a landlord:
My question is with regard to damage caused by tenants using insufficient heating/ventilation leading to black mould formation throughout the flat, particularly the bathroom. I lived in the property myself for about a year, so I know that it is possible to live there without such problems arising.
The tenants claim that the bathroom extractor fan did not work during their tenancy, but this was never reported to me or the letting agency. At check-out, the extractor was found to have been turned off but was fully functional, and no evidence of reporting was presented by the tenants.
I made a claim against their deposit for repairs to the mould damaged areas and cleaning work, but this was rejected by My Deposits, as they said the extractor was my responsibility.
I ended up with the bill for the redecorating and mould removal, as well as having the extractor replaced with one which cannot be turned off to prevent a recurrence with future tenants.
I am not sure how I can be held responsible for the tenants having kept the extractor off for several months, especially where they were unable to provide evidence of having reported it but, there does not seem to be any right of appeal against adjudicator decisions.
Can you advise on this please, and how to proceed in the situation where the Deposit Scheme has made an apparently incorrect decision. The letting agent was completely baffled by it, but said they could do nothing.
Adjudicators will always start from the position that the deposit is the tenant’s money and landlord have to prove by the evidence they submit, that they are entitled to a deduction from the deposit.
So the landlords claim will always stand or fall by the quality of evidence they submit.
If you are in the right but do not submit sufficient evidence to prove your claim to the adjudicator’s satisfaction (on the ‘balance of probabilities’) then they will always find for the tenant.
Suggestions on evidence required
For this case I would have thought you would need evidence to show that the property would not have mould if the extractor fan was used – which could be a written statement from you giving your evidence of your experience of living there and maybe a statement or report from a professional such as a surveyor on the circumstances under which this type of mould will grow.
You would also need evidence to show that the extractor fan was working at the end of the tenancy (I would recommend evidence from someone other than you – to corroborate your evidence – maybe an independent inventory clerk) and also your statement should state that the tenants failed to let you know of any repairing issues.
Evidence of letters from you to the tenants after inspection visits telling them that they must keep the extractor fan on would also have been very helpful.
It sound to me as if My Deposits got the impression from the evidence that the fan was not used because it was in disrepair – so it looks as if your evidence gave the wrong impression or you did not have sufficient corroboration of your evidence. You need to be very clear.
If your evidence is going to conflict with that of the tenants, you really must have some sort of independent corroboration, or you will fail to prove your case ‘on the balance of probabilities’ – which is the standard of proof used by adjudicators.
Tenants always have an inbuilt advantage as the deposit money belongs to them.
Landlords preparing evidence for adjudication can find guidance in Tom Derrett’s book How to Win Deposit Disputes.
There is also an excellent talk from Mike Morgan, the head of adjudication at TDS, on how adjudicators approach cases and the sort of things they are looking for, which you can get >> here (talk 5).
Picture provided by Sandra Savage-Fisher of QuaLETy Ltd